In most cultures, dreams are messages sent by ancestors, gods, or the universe, which one must decipher to raise one’s personal life or the affairs of the community to which one belongs. In our culture, the dream isn’t any longer considered prophetic, it’s one among the nice voices through which the unconscious makes itself heard. For Freud, who sees it as a “rebus”, his interpretation is even the “Royal road which results in knowledge of the unconscious in psychic life”. At this time, Jung doesn’t contradict it, but he broadens the notion of the unconscious, apprehended at the individual level, to a collective unconscious, defined as a sort of database common to humanity and populated with archetypes.
For Fritz Perls and Erich Fromm, the founders of gestalt therapy, each stage of the dream may be a projection of “non-conscious parts” of the individual or maybe how of speaking about what can not be said openly. In all cases, the dreamer is known as a director who writes and shoots a movie, outside the consciousness of the sleeper. When he wakes up, scenes, dialogues, sometimes the complete production is returned to him, which he will let slip or share as a story is told, or maybe that he will attempt to understand alone or with the assistance of knowledge.
Patrick Bertoliatti, trained in Jungian analysis and gestalt therapy, has been acting on dreams for over twenty years, and his passion as a therapist and researcher has never wavered. “They conceal our desires and our fears, but they’ll also reveal unknown facets of oneself, new avenues to explore in one’s life, resources just waiting to be activated,” he explains. They permit us to be a part of a dynamic of expanding our possibilities. By analyzing them, the dreamer learns to let himself be guided towards overcoming his difficulties, to work an inside reconciliation, and so to access what is seen because the real “I”.
During this approach, which Jung called the individuation process, the unconscious is known as a partner with which to ascertain a dialogue. At the top of this, the dreamer is going to be able to both see more clearly in him and take an area more by his deep aspirations, sometimes forgotten. The decryption method that Patrick Bertoliatti has developed for Psychologies magazine doesn’t replace an analysis allotted with knowledge, “But it can allow everyone to experience an introspection as playful because it is fruitful”.
Promote and be patient your dreams
Before embarking on the Interpretation of Dreams, it’s important to adopt the proper state of mind, the one that permits you to welcome and retain them. Start by placing a notebook and pen on your bedside table. The primary step is to relax the body and mind. Before visiting sleep (we will have avoided heavy and late dinners still as exciting substances), take several deep breaths, and gradually release all the muscles in your body. Once relaxed, repeat to yourself several times: “Tonight i would like to dream and remember my dreams. As soon as you awaken, write down your dream, staying as faithful as possible, in your account, to the way it presents itself. don’t rationalize, don’t censor yourself, don’t try and write a “beautiful” text. and particularly,
Sequence your story
Date your dream and provide it a title. This title, which is already an interpretation, will express, by condensing it, your feelings. It’ll concentrate, sort of a novel or movie title, the atmosphere, and therefore the dominant theme of your dream. Describe it accurately. Decor, characters, staged situations, words, and emotions expressed… Try to not omit anything. Like in a very painting, every detail counts.
Proceed to question
Once the story is written, it is time to create it. The primary step, which might enlighten you on the problems of your present life, sentimental, professional, or personal. It’s an issue here of taking again each element: the characters (their appearance, their behavior), the decoration, the situations staged. And to ask me: what does this evoke on behalf of me that’s associated with my current life?
A short character. It can evoke an absence of your time for oneself, the need to flee constraints or a difficult situation… A thunderstorm breaks out, thunder rumbles. It should be a representation of a recent conflict within which you participated or attended …
Carefully write down the responses you’re feeling most relate to your current life, without censoring or judging yourself. The second step, which might provide you with information about your resources and your bottlenecks. Take the key elements of your dream (characters, scenery, situations). Examine each of them through the prism of this question: if this element were a component of me, what would that part be? Also, confine mind the chance that the dream may act as a counterweight to a number of your conscious attitudes. to reply and interpret fairly, it is important to concentrate on yourself without censoring or judging yourself. Your answer must “stick” to your feelings.
The character running can mean the power to flee danger, and thus to require care of oneself. Or the propensity to run removed from responsibilities, discussion, or others. But it also can express an urgency to act, or conversely a temper that’s too impatient or reckless … The storm which breaks, the thunder which rumbles can point to an indoor tendency to explode easily, or on the contrary, the problem of precise anger back to high school. even as it may be an anguished temperament at the approach of an occasion, or conversely tyrannical, inspiring fear in others … Does it portend a relaxation to come? After the rain the great weather…
Meditate on your visions
It is now a matter of proceeding to a worldwide interpretative reading of the dream, informed by the 2 preceding sequences. At this stage, the dreamer-analyst features a precise material: the link between his dream and his current situation, information on his resources, and his weak points. He can now, sort of a lover of Impressionist painting, read his dream precisely by specializing in one aspect or another, and apprehend it in its entirety by understanding its main message. He enters into an indoor dialogue with what the dream comes from.
Reread your notes from the beginning, diving back to your dream, as if you were reliving it. return and forth with the pictures. Let yourself be guided by your sensations, your emotions, let your interpretations resonate, and “come up” with the answers, the questions … it’s during this fluid and a free trip that understandings are imposed on you. Some are going to be confirmations of your feelings or your intuitions, but others could surprise you by teaching you things about yourself that you just didn’t know …
Let this information flow in you, let yourself be surprised. Trust yourself, and confine mind that an accurate interpretation is felt throughout her being, not just in her head.
Make your dreams come true
Finally, it’s up to you to be told the teachings of your dream. it’s up to you, the dreamer-analyst, to decide on what may well be modified, expressed, or cultivated in your behavior and your personality so the dialogue started with dreams is lasting and bears fruit. Stay concrete and do not try and make big changes – it’s within the little things that transformation will first occur. for instance, buy a book associated with your understanding of the dream, draw it, dance it, go see a fan, bring it to life …
The dream per Freud
For Freud, the dream is the expression of a repressed desire that appears to us in disguise. He thus stages this desire in such the simplest way that the shape (the manifest content) masks the background (the latent content). The psychoanalyst had identified four processes employed by our unconscious to fabricate our dreams.
Several ideas and pictures are concentrated in a very single scene. In my childhood home, I argue with my boss, who is known as after my older brother, who has long dominated my other brother and me.
The priorities, the values are reversed to mask the unconscious desire and its impulses by displacing the emotion which they cause on a secondary point. At a party, I run into my husband’s ex-wife (she hates me) and that I occupy my dream all the time neatly folding paper napkins.
Figuration: it’s a patchwork of images and words that enables us to specify the sequences (which we usually do while speaking) so that the dream resembles a coherent film in form, but that it masks the background. The metaphor generally plays a very important role in expressing what’s of the order of the sexual register. At the flicks, my neighbor slips a knife into my bag.
Elaboration: it’s the ultimate touch of “smoothing” which provides the dream a rational and acceptable aspect. In the end, I learn from a chatty bunny that my husband’s ex-wife has decided to measure on Mars.